Banned in the USA: 10 Classic Cars That Never Made it Stateside
Some drivers just can’t get enough of the readily available cars to them. However, foreign markets offer an oasis of vehicles that stand unique to those that Uncle Sam loves. The trouble comes if you continue to live in the US but have an extreme affinity for importing cars as there are some forbidden fruits you may never be able to taste.
Open up an auto enthusiast publication and website and you’ll quickly learn that our car market is missing some key European and Asian treasures. It might be due to a perceived lack of market interest, inability to comply with American safety regulations and emissions standards, or the simple inability to fund the import process. Regardless of the reason, thousands of cars are produced every year that will never get the chance to burn rubber on Highway 52 or down US-1.
Here are some of our (would be) favorites, some of which may have a shot at driving to our shores soon:
1995 Audi RS2 Avant
Manufactured between March 1994 and July 1995, the Audi RS2 Avant is the first car on the National Highway Traffic and Safety Administration (NHTSA) list of cars deemed ineligible for import, even under Show and Display Regulations. The 6-speed manual was a collaboration between Audi and Porsche and has been argued to be the car that successfully established Audi as a producer of practical high-performance cars. The 2.2L 5-cylinder 20v turbo engine can push these wagons from 0 to 60 in 4.8 seconds and top out at a max speed of around 162 mph. Unfortunately for fans in the US of A, the only way to own one is to establish residency in another country.
2011 Ford Focus RS500
American auto company Ford has put out a surprising parade of fast European Focuses during the last decade has had us simultaneously admiring the company for building them and admonishing the company for playing keep-away with its home market. We’ve been assured that the days of keeping its hottest hatches out of our hands will be over once the new world-market Focus comes online starting in 2011 as a 2012 model—but Ford had to go and twist the knife one more time. Witness the 2011 Focus RS500, the fiercest Focus ever and what the company considers to be the successor to the legendary Ford Sierra RS500 racer of the 1980s. The Focus RS500’s 2.5-liter inline 5-cylinder engine has been juiced up some 45 hp and 14 lb-ft of torque from its appearance in the Focus RS. The RS500 reaches up to 345 hp and 339 lb-ft (it can hit 62 mph in 5.6 seconds), mainly achieved through breathing enhancements instead of an additional turbo boost. The wide track and a revised limited-slip differential developed for the Focus RS are said to handle the additional torque of this particular front-wheel-drive pocket rocket.
1990 BMW M3 Sport Evolution III
With only 600 ever made, the third M3 Sport Evolution featured a 2.5 L engine designed to compete against Audi’s v8. With the creation of the M3 line, BMW designed a new 4-cylinder engine to replace the 6-cylinder used in the E30, which was too long to fit inside a car designed for everyday use. The stock engine created an easy 200 bhp, with the competition-spec engine putting out 300 bhp at 8,000 RPM. Though listed as one of the NHTSA’s banned cars under Show and Display regulations, this should be exempt from the restrictions after 2015.
Land Rover Defender (Shown Above)
Debuting in 1983, the Romanian-built Land Rover Defender may not even exist if not for the Hummer craze. However, due to some shady business involving the company that built these vehicles and investing in them, there was never a chance for these to be open to the US.
1993 Jaguar XJ220-S
The Jaguar XJ220-S only had 6 examples that were produced, but that was enough for the NHTSA to ban them from the United States. The S model was designed to be a street-legal version of the XJ220-C racer. The hidden headlights of the XJ220 were removed in the S model, as well as the base model’s leather trimming. The car’s engine was tuned to produce a neck-breaking 690 hp and American Jaguar fans have been drooling over this for years.
1993 Lamborghini Strosek Diablo
Designer Vittorio Strosek took the famous Lamborghini Diablo and modified its body, thinking it was too subtle. Modifications included the replacement of the front and rear bumper with much rounder versions, replaced headlights and turn signals, side mirrors that were placed high up on the doors, and much more.
1996-2001 Lotus Elise S1 and the 2000 340R
Despite an output of only 118 bhp, the Lotus Elise S1 accelerated from 0 to 60 in 5.8 seconds due to its 1,600 lb weight. Capable of speeds up to 150 mph, the Elise was named after Elisa, the granddaughter of the company chairman at the time of release, Romano Aritoli. The 340R was released as a limited edition model of the Elise, with only 340 ever produced. The name 340R originally referred to the power-weight ratio of the prototype, which churned out 177 bhp at a weight of 1,100 lbs. It later referred to the number produced when the final production found the car at a weight of 1,550 lbs.
2002 Morgan Le Mans ’62 Prototype
In 2002, Morgan created 80 limited edition anniversary models of the 1962 Le Mans and one prototype. Each came with its number engraved on both the steering wheel and on a plaque in the console, with the prototype detailed as car “00.” Once the line was launched, all 80 vehicles were allocated to owners within 72 hours. The cars are as accurate as possible to the original model, including installing only one door handle on the driver’s side.
1999 Nissan Skyline R34 GT-R V-spec
Rival to the Toyota Supra and Mazda RX-7, the Nissan R34 GT-R V-spec boasted some of the most advanced technology that a 1999 car could. It was one of the first to introduce a display screen on the dashboard that listed various statistics about the engine and car during operation, including a reading of the amount of G-forces the car was experiencing. The driver’s seat had a computer jack hidden under its seat skirt to enable uploading information from the car’s system to a laptop for analysis. A quick search around the internet instantly shows the Skyline to be the most hotly requested model of the NHSTA’s banned list. Other banned Skylines are the 1995 GTS-T, R32 GT-R’s built between 1989 and 1994, the 1995 R33 GT-R, 1995 and 1996 R33 GT-R V-spec’s, the 1994 R34, the 1999 R34 GT-T and the 2001 R34 25GT-T.
1999-2006 TVR Tuscan Speed Six
The TVR Tuscan Speed Six went into production early in 1999/2000 and was an independent UK vehicle maker’s most significant car. It has a large straight-six engine. The engine makes more room in the footwells for the driver and passenger’s feet and it allows for a unique pedal layout. The car probably is quicker than the 420bhp, 4.5 liter Cerbera from TVR, although its design would make recording on the track difficult. Since this car, TVR has been making inroads into the initial order bank of 1600 deposits to bring the waiting list down to manageable proportions. While many of those orders were from TVR’s existing customers, a far more significant proportion than ever before were from people who decided to transfer their allegiance away from mass manufacturers. Due to emissions and safety standards in the US, this car has never been spotted in the US.
There are ways around this for fans and collectors with adequate time and money. The National Highway Traffic and Safety Administration (NHTSA) states that if a business entity is not importing a car, that is, if a private citizen plans the import, there are specific stipulations that they must meet. These vehicles can be imported for show and display, provided they meet the following requirements:
- No other vehicle of the same make, model and model year was manufactured and/or certified for sale in the United States.
- No other vehicle of the same make, model and model year has been determined eligible for importation under 49 CFR Part 593, which pertains to the importation of vehicles by business entities.
- The vehicle is not currently in production.
- Less than 500 of the vehicles were produced unless it is proven to the NHTSA that the vehicle is of extreme technological and/or historical importance.
- The vehicle was not created as a kit car, replica, or special construction vehicle.
Of course, plenty of cars do not meet those requirements. But the NHTSA has done applicants a favor and crafted a list of cars that are definitely not approved for import. However, a clause states that cars over 25 years old are exempt from show and display regulations, meaning many of these could be pulled off the list rather soon.
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